Lizbon, the Portuguese capital, is located at the point where the Tagus River flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The city, which is the westernmost capital of Europe, is one of the oldest cities in the continent. Despite its worn out buildings, it is very colorful, vibrant and has a strong spirit. Unlike other chaotic capitals in Europe, Lisbon has peace and plenty of nostalgia under its strong spirit. Come on. Read our Lisbon travel guide.
In Lisbon, you are witnessing that civilizations with many different cultures blend in delightfully and create a modern city with a high cultural heritage. On the one hand, the Moorish texture of Andalusian architecture, melancholic Fado music rising among the streets, on the other hand is a delightful city where the spirit of South American cities can be felt. Many visitors who want to see Portugal go directly to Lisbon.
Lisbon is a really beautiful city. There are historical monuments and magnificent sea air that can be seen from all over the city. At the same time, the Tagus River makes the city very special. With its mosaic sidewalks, rundown pastel-colored buildings, iconic trams and melancholic Fado music, Lisbon has one of the most beautiful city spirits in the world.
Lisbon Travel Guide
Lisbon has a history of 2700 years. First, the Celts settled in the region, the Phoenicians settled in a city called Ulissipo. Passed by the Arabs in 711 and called the Arabic Al-Usbuna, the city grew and developed during the time of the Andalusians. The name of many parts of the city comes from the Arabic language, as the oldest district of Alfama is El-Hamma. Azulejo’s ceramic work, which is very common in Lisbon and has become a part of Portuguese culture, comes from the Arabic word zellige, a stone painting art.
Christians reclaimed the city in 1147 with the second crusade led by Afonso I. The city grew with the thriving trade of the 14th century, and from the 15th century Lisbon became one of the most important port cities in the world. Portuguese sailors quickly become the best in Europe with maneuverable sailing ships, navigation and cartography.
Vasco da Gama’s long journey to the east brings Europe to exotic flavors for the first time. In addition to spices such as cumin, pepper, ginger, it also brings fruits such as potatoes, tea and pineapple to Europe. In Lisbon, there are monuments of great sailors such as Magellan and Vasco da Gama.
Thanks to its colonies, abundant wealth flows into the country, becoming the most important slave trade center in Europe, strengthening and enriching. Lisbon’s powerful spirit dates back to the 16th century during the imperial period, from the Atlantic islands to the African coast, from Brazil to India.
After the discoveries there was a major earthquake in Lisbon. The city is rebuilt with precious stones and riches such as gold, emeralds, diamonds and rubies from the Minas Gerais mines in Brazil. The city is re-created as close as possible to the past. Streets leading to wide squares are arranged to cut in parallel.
Places to Visit in Lisbon
The city, which lost its strong soul after the earthquake, is always lifeless. The city was occupied by Napoleon in 1807, and then recaptured by the British. The constitutional monarchy, which began in 1833, lasted until the declaration of the Republic in 1910. With rapid growth and incoming immigration, the city undergoes major changes, its strong spirit weakens.
Lisbon is a city with lots of light. The strong daylight it takes almost all year turns into a mirror of thousands of colors that highlights the beauty of the city. There is a wide range of experiences and many things to see and do in Lisbon. Let’s continue our Lisbon travel guide and start the fun.
Rossio Square is one of the most popular and central squares of the city with its paved stones such as sprinkler pools, obelisk and ocean waves. On both sides of the square are cafes, restaurants and shops. Just a pleasant walk from this area leads to the Praca do Comercio, the Trade Square, on the banks of the Tejo River.
Praca do Comercio Square: It is an attractive place for tourists. The 25th of April Bridge is worth a visit. The panorama of the city is best viewed from here.
The Alfama District is Lisbon’s oldest settlement. The place is outstanding with its architecture, streets and cafes. This is the heart of Fado music.
The Capital of Portugal
Tram 28 is one of the most enjoyable ways of exploring Alfama’s bumpy streets. The tram not only brings the old tradition to life, but also takes its passengers to the oldest and most popular spots in the city. The tram, which is an economical way to explore the pleasant texture of the city, also leads to the hill where Sao Jorge Castle is located.
Lisbon Cathedral (Sé de Lisboa), the large and old cathedral of the great cathedral that reflects the strong spirit of Lisbon is part of the city’s skyline. The Se Cathedral was built in 1147 and subsequently renovated several times due to earthquakes and fires.
St. George’s Castle is an ancient building that reflects the glory of Lisbon. From one of the castle walls, you can enjoy a breathtaking bird’s eye view of the city. In one of the towers there is a magnificent looking terrace.
Baixa is a neighborhood that changed the face of Lisbon, an 18th century city.
Where to Visit in Lisbon
The Bairro Alto District is a bohemian neighborhood with stunning nightlife just above the city. With its narrow, cobbled streets and bohemism, it has an intellectual side that attracts artists, writers and students. Wine houses, clupler, fado nights, bars in Barrio Alto area.
The Church of Sao Roque (Igreja De Sao Roque) is the most spectacular of Lisbon structures. It is home to the most expensive chapel in the world with its fine workmanship, abundant mosaics and painting wooden ceilings adorned with jewels. Sao Roque Church is one of the most spectacular examples of Baroque architectural style. In the 16th century, the chapel was made of highly valuable materials such as ivory, agate, gold and silver. Let’s continue exploring the city with Lisbon travel guide.
Elevador De Santa Justa is one of the most interesting buildings of the city, built in neogothic style to connect Baixa and Bairro Alto districts. The cast-iron elevator offers an exquisite view of the city.
Chiado District is the bottom of the square where Baixa-Chiado metro station is located.
Lisbon has an excellent view that fascinates those who see today with its more than 50 museums and narrow streets that curl through the slopes facing the river.
Lisbon for Sightseeing
Carmo Archaeological Museum (Museu Arqueológico do Carmo) is one of the few legacies of the Lisbon earthquake. Ancient church ruins, gothic tombstones, South American Peruvian mummy and an Egyptian mummy, objects of prehistoric age, even bronze pottery are on display here.
Museu Calouste Gulbenkian was founded to preserve the city’s historical past for generations. Gulbenkian has a rich variety of artworks from the east to the west, from the east to the west. Everything from Rembrandt to Islamic ceramic art, from French glass, jewelery designer and decorator Rene Lalique to jewelery and glass artifacts, French ivory plates and historic carpets.
Expo 98 is home to great examples of modern architecture, including the train station Estacao do Oriente designed by Santiago Calatrava and the Portuguese Pavilion designed by Alvaro Siza Vieira.
Lisbon Marine Aquarium is the largest indoor aquarium in Europe, located in Parque dos Naçöes, within Expo 98. The Oceanarium Aquarium, designed by Peter Chermayeff, has four different sections, each representing a separate ocean. Penguin, seal, shark, octopus, sea horse, corals, such as the life of all sea creatures of the underwater world are on display.
National Museum of Antique Art (Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga) is home to priceless, first-class quality works of art that have shown Portugal’s development since the 11th century.
Belem Tower is one of Lisbon’s city landmarks. Belem Tower, built in Manuelin style, is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983.
Where to Visit Outside Lisbon
Museu de Marinha is the largest maritime museum in Europe, followed by the history of discoveries. Discoveries, wars, fishing, sporting racing boats, reign boats, freighter, long-distance line ships, machunas, dredgers, paddle boats, river ships, school ships and royal sorts of sea vehicles are on display. Don’t get bored with your journey before the Lisbon travel guide ends.
Jerónimos Monastery built in a Gothic style.
Padrão Dos Descobrimentos stands sailing like a ship on the Tagus River, where the most important discoveries of Portugal began. Infante Dom Henrique, also known as Prince Henry. The Prince has begun the Portuguese era of discovery. Visitors can watch the magnificent view from the top of this monument with the elevator.
Belem Cultural Center was founded to exhibit the works of Dali, Picasso and Liechtenstein.
Dinner in Lisbon is usually served after eight o’clock and on weekends nine or after. Compared to other major European cities, the more affordable Bairro Alto region offers restaurants for all tastes. In this region, which is very popular as a tourist attraction, both local and international cuisines are abundant.
Lisbon, City of Wonderland
Lisbon has the most affordable leather goods and shoes in the European capitals. Traditional and historical niche shops sell ceramic tiles, which are also handicrafts of the country. Don’t forget to drink Porto wine.
Lisbon stores with the most luxurious brands are located in Avenida da Liberdade and Rua Garrett. You can go to boutiques at Bairro Alto or Dom Pedro V.
Thieves Market (Feira de Ladra) is beautiful. It is possible to find everything from old porcelain, colonial furniture, old postcards to used car batteries. You can drop by to get a gift.
We hope that we can meet your wishes with the Lisbon travel guide. Thank you for accompanying us to the Lisbon travel guide.
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