We will offer you a perfect Balkan tour with Albania travel guide. Albania is an interesting country that has traces from Italy and the Ottomans, blended with Balkan culture with its unique culture. The reason why it is so close to the European geography and preserves its exclusive texture is that it has been one of the iron curtain countries for years. Enver Hoxha, the communist leader who ruled Albania for more than 40 years, has been isolated from the world for a long time.
Albania has been called a key country in the Balkans because of its location, which has resisted attacks on the Adriatic coast for centuries. The name of the country comes from the Latin word “alba” which means “standing high”. Most of the territory of Albania is mountainous.
Albania Travel Guide
Located in Southeast Europe, the border with the Adriatic Sea, Greece and Montenegro in the south, Macedonia between Macedonia in the east and Kosovo in the north, Albania is the world’s 144th largest country with a surface area of 28,748 km2.
The country has the Adriatic Sea to the west and the Ionian Sea to the southwest. According to Turkey one hour back. 70% of the population is Muslim, 20% is Orthodox and 10% is Catholics. The official currency of Albania is Lek.
Along with the Greeks, Albanians, the oldest society in the Balkans, originated in BC. It dates back to the 600s. Albanians are a descendant of the Ilirs who lived in the region of the Adriatic and Ionian Seas in the west, the Danube and Sava Rivers in the north, Morava and Vardar in the east, and the Pindi Mountains in the south.
Albania Travel Destinations
This is a beautiful country. Transportation alternatives are quite advanced. Learn about all the cities of the country with Albania travel guide.
Tirana, the capital of the country, is a small city. The most important avenue is the Parliament and the Prime Ministry Building and the University of Tirana. Ethem Bey Mosque, Clock Tower and Iskender Bey Statue, which is located on the square in the heart of the city and has become the symbol of Albania, are the most important places to see.
Ethem Bey Mosque, built by Hacı Ethem Bey in 1793, is famous for its murals. Like many Balkan cities, the river runs through Tirana. The ruins of the old Ottoman castle can be seen near the Lena River, which adds a distinct beauty to Tirana.
Elbasan is like an Anatolian town that has partially preserved its Ottoman status with its round-tiled houses. The city is the third most populous and most important city after Tirana and Durres. Elbasan, whose identity became more evident during the campaign of Sultan Mehmet in 1466, became one of the centers of Islam in Albania as the banner of the Ottomans after the police station built.
This place is a very beautiful city. Berat, where the Ottoman Empire reigned for five centuries, is the twin brother of Safranbolu with its historical houses. Berat is again a city dominated by the Ottoman fabric.
The Osumi River, which welcomes you at the entrance of the city and has a magnificent view, divides the old town in half.
This is Albania’s second largest city after Tirana. Located 33 kilometers west of Tirana on the Central Adriatic coast, the city is a historically and economically important settlement.
The city where I went with the minibuses departing from Tirana was stagnant and colorless due to the winter season. On the opposite shore of Durres, in a relatively narrow area of the Adriatic Sea, filled by holidaymakers in the summer months, lies the Italian cities of Bari and Brindisi.
The most important historical structure of the city, where the main port of Albania is located, is the Fatih Mosque, which dates back to the Ottoman period. There is a historic Orthodox church on the shore and a historic tower from the Old Castle. Other places to visit and see in Durres include the Antique Theater, Iskender Bey Statue and the square where the statue is. I drove from Durres to Kruja.
Located on the western slopes of the Kruja Mountains, on a hill overlooking the fertile Fushë Krujë plain, Kruja is the city where the Ottoman heritage is widespread. The Krujë Castle, also known as Akçahisar Castle, has an altitude of 600 meters and is the highest point in the region.
Iskender Bey Museum located in the castle can be seen. The bazaar that extends at the entrance of the castle is full of Anatolian air. The old Ottoman souk is ideal for shopping. Murad Bey Mosque, an Ottoman heirloom built in 1534. Kruja is also an important geography as a center of Bektashi sect focusing around the cult of Sarı Saltuk Dede.
The Kruja Bektashi Lodge is located on the way to Kruja Castle by minibuses departing from the center of Kruja. Durres and Kruja can be visited together with a daily program.
If you want to add new places to your holiday routes, please note Ksamil. Founded in 1966 on the riviera in southern Albania, the resort is also part of Butrint National Park. Located in the south of Saranda, Ksamil has become a favorite holiday destination for foreign tourists.
The Guardian chose it as one of the top 20 cheap beaches in 2013. Things to do include eat at the seafood restaurants, which are fresh on the nearby Ksamil islands. The islands are easily reached by boat. The mainland beach is small but clean.
When to Visit Albania
The temperature in Tirana is 17-31 degrees in August. The hottest month is January with 2-12 degrees Celsius. Usually summers are hot and dry, winters are mild and rainy.
The Albanian coastal zone has three types of climate: the Mediterranean climate, a humid climate in the north and inland, and the Alpine climate in the northeast. Therefore, spring is the best time to visit Albania.
Recommend Albania travel guide to your friends for a fun vacation.